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Different Educational Options 

(P- W)

Principle Approach

Biblical-Classical Education, the Principle Approach, America's historic method of Biblical reasoning, places the Truth of God's Word at the heart of education in every subject.


Private school

Private schools are independent in its finances and governance. Also known as non-governmental, privately funded, or non-state schools, they are not administered by local, state or national governments. They are usually not dependent upon national or local government to finance their financial endowment. They are typically governed by a board of governors which is elected independently of government, and has a system of governance that ensures its independent operation.

There are many times of private schools. L&J recommends that parents do their research to ensure that the private school that they are interested in, is indeed independent of all governmental funding and governance. We also recommend that parents research the curriculum used and the methods of teaching, disciplining and world views. 

Resource Centers & Cottage Schools

A group of families who meet together and work cooperatively to achieve common goals. Parents may lead activities and classes or parents may pay all or some of the teachers and activity leaders. Larger or formal co-ops may have a board of directors and a designated leader who takes care of day-to-day operations while less formal co-ops are led by one or two main leaders with most decision made by consensus.



This is homeschooling on the road for full-time travel families. Some parents work on the road and prefer their children come with them. This way families can integrate travel experiences into learning. This method focuses on history or geography study units. Visiting museums and art galleries is important.

See Also World Schooling


This article published on Jan. 18, 2020 on is written by Celeste Orr, a full-time traveling Georgia-born mama to two boys.  She has been homeschooling since 2009 and loves homeschooling while family traveling and is passionate about families choosing togetherness and outdoor adventure.  The article explains: What is Travel Schooling and How do we start?

Orr writes:  “There are hundreds of great blogs, podcasts, books, and social media accounts written and curated by homeschooling parents who have found creative, innovative, and revolutionary ways to educate their children while traveling more, and if you look hard enough, you might even find some compelling arguments for the immense benefits that exist for travel-schooling.”

Here are a few links to get you started:

Time4Learning answers two questions:  How to afford Road-Schooling?  How does Road-Schooling work with Time4Learning?  The link explains homeschooling on the Road; homeschool laws for Road-Schooling; and a Road-Schooling curriculum.

School At Home AKA Homeschooling

Learning is done at the home. There are many different ways to homeschool and there is no one-size-fits-all method. Families decide how and when it is done. Many times parents work with a curriculum provided by a well-known homeschool company or parents can decide to do put together their own curriculum.  


This method is chosen by families who do not want their children in public school. This method is also chosen by parents for religious reasons. Some families keep their children at home because of the lack of moral and character training at public schools.

This link to a 2012 article on “Homeschooling 101:  What is Homeschooling?” is written by Jamie Martin, who homeschools her three children in New England and blogs at and


This link is to Deep Roots at Home Blog. She shares 100+ wholesome books to read to children from preK thru grade 12





Thomas Jefferson Education 

The Thomas Jefferson Education Approach is Individualized Leadership Education. This approach has been named by Oliver DeMille whose book describes a classics-based educational approach which Thomas Jefferson received through the mentoring of George Wythe.  He titled his book, "A Thomas Jefferson Education; Teaching a Generation of Leaders for the Twenty First Century." 

Through his research, the author,  Dr. DeMille, found that great leaders throughout time had very similar educational experiences. "From Lincoln, Jefferson and Washington to Gandhi, Newton and John Locke, to Abigail Adams, Mother Theresa and Joan of Arc - great men and women of history studied other great men and women."

"Wherever the student sits to study at public (note: L&J doesn't support public schooling) or private school, or at home, leadership education is based on several powerful traditions:

  • student driven learning,

  • great teachers,

  • mentors,

  • classics and

  • hard work.

Together these form the tradition of leadership education, which I call a Thomas Jefferson Education, a tradition which is sorely needed in modern America." (A Thomas Jefferson Education, p24). 

In history, Dr. DeMille says, there have been three major types of schooling:

  1. Conveyor Belt Education - this tries to prepare everyone for a job, any job, by teaching them what to think.

  2. Professional Education - this creates specialists in fields of knowledge from medicine to law, to trade schools - by teaching them when to think.

  3. Leadership Education - teaches the student how to think and prepares them to be leaders in their homes, communities, entrepreneurs and statesmen.

The purpose of leadership education is:

  1. to train thinkers, leaders, entrepreneurs and statesmen to do the right thing and do it well in all areas of life;

  2. to perpetuate freedom;

  3. to know how to think.

Click on books for links


Sometimes a Curriculum Isn’t Enough– There are times, even with an online curriculum being taught by an expert, your child may hit a wall with a particular topic and is just not getting it. A tutor is the perfect solution. The tutor can help your student get back on track and continue moving forward in that subject. Having someone else teach a concept to them can often present the information a unique way, and it can make all the difference.

More Information to come

Umbrella Schools

It is possible that any of the following programs can fit the description of an Umbrella School; independent study programs, distance learning programs, virtual or cyber schools, and learning Centers. Feel free to research those alternatives on this website.However, a model Umbrella School has been established by Pastor Carl Broggi of Community Bible Church Christian Academy in South Carolina. His Umbrella School is a membership association for homeschool parents. This is a collective of minimum 50 homeschool families under the umbrella of his church, as a ministry. The church does the administration while the daily education is done at home with parents with some activities held at the church.  The parents pick their own curriculum and can utilize any recommendations from the association. The benefit of a church starting an umbrella homeschool ministry is twofold: 1) The church lives out the mission of helping parents be the educators of their own children. 2) The church receives the blessing of increasing its own attendance of young families.


L&J believes this is one of the most exciting opportunities for churches who are seeking to increase attendance and fulfill the role of encouraging parents to train up their children in the way they should go.

We recommends that churches create a homeschool umbrella association using:

A 30-Year Tested Umbrella Association (Beaufort, South Carolina) Model
(Community Bible Christian Academy: Headmaster Dr. Carl J. Broggi, Pastor)
Brief Description and Contact Information
CBCCA Application
CBCCA Handbook
WATCH VIDEO: Church Private Homeschool Group - Pastor Carl Broggi

Unit Studies 

Unit Studies is less a style of homeschooling and more a procedure for homeschooling. Families who utilize this method plan their lessons using unit studies for homeschoolers they either found online or created themselves. Unit Studies is a method that can be utilized with many of the other homeschooling styles.


What is Unit Studies?

Unit Studies is merely combining all subjects of study (math, writing, science, etc) into one topic.

For example: 

Unit Studies and The Solar System. 

  • MATH – Students can learn about the math involved in astronomy and calculating distances. Math is also involved when learning about rocket ships and how they move from Earth to space. 

  • READING – There are so many fun books about the solar system to read and discuss! Books for all ages.

  • WRITING – Include space-related vocabulary words and writing prompts. Write stories about space.

  • SOCIAL STUDIES – Talk about various astronauts and other people influential in solar system research.

  • HISTORY – When were the planets all discovered? Who discovered the planets revolve around the sun? Who named all the constellations?

  • GEOGRAPHY – Where in the world can each constellation be seen?

  • SCIENCE – What are the plants made of? How are chemistry, physics, biology, and geology involved in the study of the solar system?

Articles: Time4Learning link answers the question:  What are unit studies?  The link shares homeschool unit studies; a unit study curriculum; and how Time4Learning works with the unit study approach.

The University-Model School 

The official UMSI states: 

"The University-Model® combines the best attributes of traditional schooling with the best attributes of homeschooling and integrates them into one model. The result is quality, cost-effective, college-preparatory education that gives parents more time for imparting their own faith and values to their children. In partnership with one another, parents and the school work together toward a mutual goal: to produce wholesome, competent, and virtuous followers of Christ who will change the world in their generation."

The University-Model® is a five-day academic program with students spending 2-3 days in the central classroom and 2-3 days in their “satellite classroom” at home. Both classrooms are under the supervision of the professional educator.



Unschooling is child-centered. Based on the work of John Holt, who taught in the U.S. public school system. He felt that school was the reason why children stopped learning. With unschooling, learning can be project-focused. Parents choose this method when they believe that children will learn while living life. When something needs to be accomplished, the child will learn as part of their growth. Usually there is no organized curriculum or testing. This method requires that a parent be greatly invested in the success of their child. The parent is always ready to research, travel or provide whatever may be needed to achieve learning.

Articles: Time4Learning answers the questions:  What is Unschooling?  Is Unschooling legal? The link shares how to start Unschooling; gives an Unschooling and Homeschool curriculum; and shares how to use Time4Learning with an Unschooling Approach?

Virtual Schools 

See online schooling


For world learners. The most expensive method of education. Children benefit from exploring different cultures and history. A family may include traditional, classical or unschooling to their “world schooling” method. Traveling is important. For example, a child may visit the Eiffel Tower and then the Louvre Museum in Paris, France as part of their learning experiences

See Also Road Schooling

Articles: Time4Learning answers three questions:  What is World-Schooling?  How to start World-Schooling?  How to afford World-Schooling?  This Time4Learning link shares a World-Schooling curriculum and explains how to use that curriculum while traveling abroad.

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